Propagation Of Roses From Cuttings

Roses are the among the most admired flowers, many people wonder, how do you get a start of a rose plant?” Propagating roses is easy from cuttings.

Keep reading to learn how to propagate a rose plant starting from cuttings so that you can give your friends a free rose plant.

new rose plants can be started from seeds, cuttings, budding, grafting, stenting, However, growing from cuttings is quite easy, but needs patience. Follow the step-by-step guide on growing roses from cuttings at home.

About 20 years ago I used live at a place which used to receive daily heavy rains and the humidity around 100%. There I used to grow new rose plants by simply cutting the stems and put in ground. But such weather is not present everywhere so there must be some technique to create new rose plants from cuttings.
 Mr Lincoln Rose propagated by hardwood cutting
Hardwood Propagated Rose Mr Lincoln

I have been rooting roses from cuttings since last 3-4 years and rooted more than 40 roses of different varieties with high success rate, and gifted to my friends and neighbours.

Planting Medium

The most successful planting medium that I have used for rooting rose cuttings is a mixture of potting mix and river soil in equal proportion to make it free-draining.

New or Old Wood?

Often you can be confused on the type of rose cutting to take when you start your experiment on propagating roses.

I have successfully rooted rose cuttings with both new and old wood. However, the success rate for the new stems which have just bloomed and the petals have fallen, is very high, almost 100% if you try to root in spring and summer when the temperature is around 21 deg C. You could also take cuttings from new stems that have yet not bloomed.

You can take cuttings from the old wood in late fall or even in winter. The success rate for old wood cuttings was not high for me. Also in winter, it takes a very long time to root.

When to Propagate? When to take rose cuttings for propagation?

Roses can be propagated from soft wood cuttings in spring and summer when the temperature is around 21 deg C. At this temperature some rose varieties will develop roots in as little as two weeks. Almost all varieties can be rooted in three to four weeks at this time of year. So you should take rose cuttings at this time of the year, preferably early in the morning.

You can propagate roses from hard wood cuttings in winter. But the cuttings could take about 8 weeks or more to root.

Planted Cutting of Rose softwood
Cutting for Propagation

Things You Will Need
Following are the things you require to start propagating a rose bush.
  1. Rooting hormone powder
  2. Small new pot or an old pot washed with soap water.
  3. Planting medium
  4. A pencil size stick
  5. Clear plastic bag with a tie or a zip-lock bag
  6. Patience

Rose Propagation Steps

Propagated Pink Rose from Softwood

Propagated yellow rose from a cutting
Propagated Roses from cuttings
  1. Prepare a rooting pot before taking the rose cuttings. Fill the pot with the planting medium.
  2. Water the pot thoroughly and turn the soil in the pot to ensure the soil is saturated all over. Keep the pot aside for about an hour to let the excess water drain off.
  3. Choose a healthy rose plant in which the stem has just finished blooming. Cut the stem, about a pencil length, at 45-degree angle with pruning shears just beneath a leaf node.
  4. Remove the leaves from the bottom 4 inches of the cutting, leaving 2-3 leaves. Scrape the bottom 1 inch of the stem with a knife or a make 1/2 to 1 inch vertical slit to encourage more rooting.
  5. Dip the cut-end of the cutting to a depth of 1 inch into the rooting hormone powder. Roll the cutting to ensure an even layer of powder. Throw away the unused powder. 
  6. Use a pencil size stick to poke a hole halfway inside the middle of the pot you prepared in step 1 and insert the end of the cutting into the hole, and firm the potting mix around it. DO NOT water again.
  7. Place the pot in a zip-lock bag or a polythene bag and tie it at the top or cover the pot with a 2-liter clean plastic bottle (Coke or any other drink) with its bottom removed, and place it in bright place but out of direct sun. This way the cutting will be in a "greenhouse" under high humid environment. After a few days, you will notice water condensing on the inside of the bag.
  8. Each week, untie the pot and watch the progress. Add a little water if necessary. The top surface of the soil may be dry but it may be wet from inside.
  9. First you will notice that one or two buds swell and shoot formation occurs. Don't just remove the bag at this stage. The cuttings will not grow after this until they begin to root.
  10. When the colour of the leaves begin to change to green, keep the bag slightly opened for one week to allow exposure to the outside environment. After one week remove the bag completely. Let the new plant sit in shade for another 2-3 weeks. Water regularly. Moving the new plant immediately into direct sun may kill the plant.
  11. Then place the pot in a position to allow morning sun for 3-4 weeks, by that time a few set of leaves will be formed.
  12. Repot the young plant in a one-size bigger container or ground. Don't give any fertilizer for the next 3-4 weeks
All Roses Propagated from Cuttings & Grown in Pots.

Do You Really Need Rooting Hormone?

Most rose varieties will root without the rooting hormone because rose cuttings contain auxin, a natural root promoting hormone. The auxin in rose plant is produced by the leaves and tips of shoots and accumulates at the bottom of the cutting, where the roots will form.

However, there are some roses that do not produce adequate amount of auxin, so they are difficult to root without applying rooting hormone to stimulate the production of strong roots.

How To Know Whether the Stem has rooted?

  1. There are three ways to tell whether a cutting is rooted. 
  2. Tug lightly on the stem. If it resists being pulled out of the pot, it means it has roots. 
  3. Cuttings that have grown many new leaves have roots. 
  4. Inspect the bottoms of the pot for nay roots coming out of the drainage holes.

Why the Cutting has become dark?

Too much water in the pot causes the cutting to rot, making it dark. This cutting will not root.
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