How To Grow Turmeric At Home : Turmeric Growing Information

Turmeric is a perennial herb plant that re-shoots every spring. Its botanical name is Curcuma domestica syn. Curcuma longa with family ingiberaceae, the ginger family (how to grow ginger). It is known as turmeric, curcumin, Hidden ginger, Queen lily, Indian saffron, ukon, nghe, wong-keong, Curcumae Longae (Latin name) and Haldi in India.

Growing turmeric organically in pots at home garden is not difficult if you follow the tips and turmeric growing information given below.

The turmeric plants have very attractive large leaves which will give your garden a lush tropical look. You can use fresh turmeric or powdered turmeric in vegetable curries and also in many natural beauty recipes.

Guide and Tips For Growing Turmeric

Detailed information and tips on growing organic turmeric root in containers at home garden including fertilization and pests and diseases are described below.

Although it is a tropical plant that thrives on heat and moisture, it can be grown in temperate areas in summer. I am growing turmeric in Sydney, Australia in pots, the plants look great with its stripy long leaves year round, except in winter when the leaves become yellow.

Turmeric Plant Description

Turmeric Growing in Pot
Turmeric Growing in a Pot

Turmeric Flower
The turmeric plants grow 70-90 cm high and will slowly spread to form large clumps with underground rhizomes. The plants have broad green tropical-style leaves providing a beautiful view throughout the summer growing season. The turmeric plant produces very beautiful and attractive white flower spikes.

The eating part of the plant is roots or rhizomes. In India, the Haldi roots are cooked and eaten as vegetable curry with roti or bread. In Indonesia, the young shoots and rhizomes are eaten raw.

Garden Beds or Containers?

Turmeric can be grown both in garden beds or in wide containers with similar yield. Only requirement is that the soil should not be water retaining, as water-logging will rot the rhizomes, reducing the yield.

I planted 4 rhizomes in a pot of size 75 cm long, 30 cm wide and 30 cm deep 2 years ago. The plants produced more than 5 kg of fresh turmeric in 2 years, and the plants are still going on for the new crop.

The advantages of growing in pots is that the plant can be moved in sun; and also indoors if there is snow or frost.

Another advantage of growing in pots is that you can grow turmeric if you live in an apartment and you don't have a garden bed. In India and elsewhere, grow your own organic turmeric in balconies, verandas, terraces, backyards, front yards, and similar places.

Turmeric Growing Zones

Turmeric is a tropical summer plant, needing heat and moisture. The plant will die in the winter. The plant can grow anywhere in summer. It can grow in USDA Zones 7b - 10b. The plants can not tolerate climate colder than 18°C. In Australia, it can grow in Sydney and other cities in summer.

When To Plant Turmeric?

In tropic regions, turmeric can be planted any time, but elsewhere plant it in spring to summer. I found that turmeric roots sprout well when the soil becomes warm.

Where To Plant Turmeric?

Turmeric thrives best in direct or indirect sun, but it can also grow in light shade. However, heavy shade for prolong time will reduce the yield.


Turmeric plant requires a well-drained loamy fertile soils. Mix cow manure, compost (how to make compost), river sand and some all purpose fertilizer (garden soil preparation ) in the soil.

Planting Turmeric

Turmeric can not be planted by seeds as the plant does not produce seeds for propagation.  You can start your turmeric plants by using turmeric roots or rhizomes.
Fresh Turmeric Rhizomes
Fresh Turmeric Rhizomes
  1. Buy some turmeric roots from vegetable shops to grow your own plants. Or you can plant rhizomes from your previous year's produce.
  2. Select small rhizomes with one or two buds. You can call them seeds.
  3. You can plant rhizomes 20-25 cm apart, just bury them in wet soil 6-7 cm deep, or plant them on ridges. Do not water until the shoots appear. The roots will germinate/shoot in 3-6 weeks depending on the soil temperature.
  4. Turmeric shoots will appear in about 20-45 days from planting.
  5. You need to grow fresh plants every year. Or leave a few roots inside while harvesting, it will re-shoot in spring.
  6. Once the plants grow, keep them well watered.
  7. Bring your turmeric indoors if the air temperatures goes below below 10 deg C or 50 deg F.
  8. Note: You can start turmeric in pots indoors and move the pots outdoors when the temperature start to rise.

Watering Turmeric

  1. The turmeric plants require consistently and adequately watering. Overwatering will slow down growth.
  2. If you are growing your turmeric in a container or in garden bed, water only when you feel the soil slightly dry to the touch. This will prevent leaching out of nutrients due to overwatering.
  3. If your turmeric is grown in a sandy soil or your plant is growing in dry low humidity area, water often or mist the leaves.

Fertilizer for Turmeric

  1. Fertilize 4-5 times using a general purpose vegetable and fruits fertilizer during the growing period.
  2. Fertilize around the base of the shoots but away from the stems.
  3. I fertilize my turmeric plants with a general purpose liquid fertilizer during the growing season every third week.
  4. If growing turmeric in a container, feeding with fertilizer will provide adequate nutrients to the plants.
  5. If the turmeric leaves becoming yellow or burn at the edges, it means that you are over-watering and/or signs of insufficient nutrients.

Harvesting Turmeric

Fresh Turmeric Dug Out From Soil
Fresh Turmeric Dug Out From Soil
You can harvest turmeric in 9 to 10 months after planting. The leaves turning yellow or stems drying are indications of maturity of turmeric plant and the correct time/season for the turmeric rhizomes to be harvested.

Harvesting is easy, just dig up the entire plant including the roots.

Sometimes I do not harvest the whole clump as it is difficult to consume so much. I just dig carefully at the side of a clump and remove rhizomes as needed.

I have harvested approximately 800 grams of fresh roots per plant.

White Turmeric

White Turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria, family Zingiberaceae, also just called Zedoaria) bears yellow flowers with red and green bracts. It has a stronger pungent taste similar to ginger with a smell of mango. In India, it is known as Amba Haldi. The white haldi is used as spice and salads and pickles. The root is good for digestion.

Pests and Diseases

  1. Tiny spider mites may pose a problem. The spider mites in large numbers may kill the plant. Forceful water spray of the turmeric plant can wash away spider mites. I spray the foliage with neem oil spray once a month.
  2. Turmeric plants are prone to fungal diseases such as leaf spot and leaf blotch that cause brown spots on the leaves and may cause leaves to dry and wilt. Spraying an organic fungicides can help.
  3. The root and rhizome rot can dry the leaves and rhizomes are decayed.

How to Store Fresh Turmeric

  1. Wipe fresh turmeric roots and wrap in a paper towel and place in a zip lock plastic bag. Place in refrigerator. This way it will remain fresh for 3-4 weeks. To use, cut the needed piece, and refrigerate again. For longer storage, slice, wrap and then freeze for up to 2 months.
  2. Blend turmeric rhizomes with some water and freeze in ice cube containers.
  3. Peel the rhizomes and place them in a jar with vodka and store in the fridge for at least a year.
  4. Peel turmeric root and place in honey for at least a year.
  5. Freezing turmeric retains the texture, color and flavor. However, frozen turmeric is often dried out if not properly packed.

How To Make Turmeric Powder

  1. Cut the turmeric roots into small pieces and spread them on a plate and cover it with a mesh. Place in sun dry until the turmeric is completely dry.
  2. Grind the pieces to a fine powder in a spice or coffee grinder.
  3. Store the powder in airtight glass bottle in a cool place.


  1. Ikisan, Disease Management in Turmeric
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  1. Can turmeric be grown in a pot? How big the pot should be?

    1. Yes, you can grow turmeric in a pot of size at least 30 cm deep. It is better to use a rectangular container where you can plant 3-4 roots, 20-25 cm separated with each other.

  2. Can I grow turmeric indoors?

    1. Growing turmeric indoors in containers is easy. The planting method and care is similar to growing them outdoors. However, it needs direct or indirect sun. You can bring the pot indoors when there are chances of frost.

  3. I grow turmeric in a pot in the summer and bring the pot in and it goes dormant in the winter. I need to separate and re-pot. Is it best to do that in the spring or yet this fall?

  4. If you want to eat turmeric roots, then winter is the time to take out the rhizomes. In winter most of the leaves and stems will die and you need not to repot. In the next summer, many of the roots inside will sprout.
    If you re-pot, then you have to take out the whole plant and remove the rhizomes out, except the main root.
    Repotting the plant when it is dormant can damage the plant as it does not have the enough strength, so repot when it starts to grow.


    1. You may try any Chinese or Indian grocery or vegetable & fruit shop. Better, you may find turmeric roots on eBay.

    2. I found mine in the grocery store in the organic vegetable section a year ago. Not knowing what I was doing, I planted them in a large square pot. To my surprise, they grew and thrived. I set the pot outside during the warmer summer months. Since our weather in MA has already turned cold; I brought the pot inside. Yesterday at the grocery store I bought another package so I have more to plant!

    3. They are available from Amazon.

  6. Hi!...I forgot some turmeric roots in a bag and i realised they have sprouted. It is now beginning of October in think if i pot them and leave them inside the plant will grow?I so love Turmeric root!!!and the plant looks gorgeous!

  7. I bought the dry turmeric root from an Indian store which was of yellow color and very ahrd like a stick. I planted it as described by you but it did not root. Please advise me what should I do to germinate it.

    1. Turmeric will not grow from its dry root, it cannot sprout. Get a fresh root and plant it.

  8. I love turmeric I just moved to Lubbock , Tx from Los Angeles, California and I must say my body is in desperate need of some I can totally tell the difference from taking it often to not having it in 3months. So I was looking to see where I could find some in this town and stumbled upon your page and I'm so glad I did. Your step by step instruction is PERFECT. Since I never thought to plant my own you have INSPIRED me. I'm goin to run to the local markets out here and see if they have any ((fingers crossed)����.
    If you don't mind me asking, do you have anything else you planted indoors?


  9. You may find perfect turmeric roots from Chinese and Indian grocery stores or try inline. There are several plants that can be grown indoors. Indoor plants help improve the quality of air. I will soon post a list of plants that can be grown indoors.

  10. I bought some turmeric roots at our wholesale Chinese grocers in July. I planted some in August in a rectangular plastic Nestlé
    Qick box. Here in Pennsylvania I kept it inside in the sun and and it's got 3 leaves on it! So looking forward to using it.

  11. Hello. Could you please advise the correct/incorrect way to cut the rhizomes of the freshly harvested turmeric for replanting again. Thanks.

    1. Basically, you can keep any of the rhizomes which have 2-3 eyes for replanting again. I plant the main rhizome with roots after removing the smaller turmeric rhizomes from them. You can keep the main plant in the soil and harvest the turmeric from sides.

  12. I found fresh turmeric root at Meijer and Kroger in the organic produce department. I've been known to just take bites of them without peeling. I sat three on a shelf over the kitchen sink and it has sprouted and is growing just sitting there! I'm going to plant it asap. Thanks for the soil info!

  13. How is this possible?

    I planted yellow (orange) turmeric
    and harvested WHITE turmeric? (it
    was rhizomes from a health food store)

    It grew in a bucket for about 7
    months? the plant had beautiful,
    giant leaves and lots of rhizomes

  14. Excellent post on growing turmeric at home!

  15. One of the best blog for growing which is the queen of herbs, used in the Great Indian Peninsula since 5000 years BCE. Sushruta, Charak and later on Vaga Bhatta

  16. Hey!

    It is a beautiful post on turmeric .Turmeric has various health benefits associated with it.So everyone should grow turmeric in their homes.

    Using turmeric for healing various diseases and conditions goes back thousands of years and it is an important feature of Ayurvedic medicine. However, using turmeric for fibroids is only a recent development,since turmeric has such amazing healing properties.

    Turmeric is an amazing spice that is native to India and is a common feature of Indian cuisine (curries). Spices usually come from the bark, fruits, roots, seeds or buds of a plant. In this case, turmeric is derived from the rhizomes (underground stems) and roots of the Zingiberaceae tree that is native to India and is part of the ginger family.

    Ellen B Moss

  17. When you buy the roots for planting, do you have to plant them right away? How much time do you have to plant the roots from the time I get them to the time I have to plant? Is there a way to preserve the roots until I have the space to plant like a week, a month?

    1. You can keep the roots for 10-12 days before planting. Keep them in a cool place where the roots do not dry up. You can cover them with a damp cloth.


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