How to Grow and Care for Arrowhead Plant

The arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is a fast growing, easy to care for plant. Syngonium is known by several names including arrowhead vine, Arrowhead plant, Arrowleaf plant, American evergreen, Goosefoot Plants, five fingers and nephthytis. It is mostly grown as a houseplant, however, it can be grown outdoors in some places.

The arrowhead plant, perfect for a gift, is a great container plant for shades like indoors and balconies that don't get much direct sunlight. When the arrowhead plant is young, it can be planted in a small pot or dish. Older plants will begin to vine and can be grown in a pot where it can be trained on a trellis. It can also be grown in a hanging basket where the vines will hang down.
Arrowhead House Plant
Arrowhead House Plant in a Pot

The plant's leaves change shape as the plant matures. The young plant has as an arrowhead shape (heart-shaped) leaf, generally green in color, and then become more arrow-like as the plant grows older. Mature plant can produce leaves 5 -12 inch elongate leaves. When the arrowhead plant is young, its leaves are heart-shaped and become more arrow like as the plant grows older.

All parts of the Arrowhead vine are toxic if ingested. Always gloves while working with the arrowhead plant, as its sap may be irritating to sensitive people.

Caring An Arrowhead Plant: Growing Arrowhead Plants

The care of arrowhead plant is simple. It does not need any special care.

Position

  1. The arrowhead plant thrives best in bright light, but not direct sunlight. The direct sunlight will cause the plant to burn or bleach.
  2. The plant keeps best as a houseplant, however, it can survive outdoors in US Hardiness Zones 10 and 11. Bring the arrowhead plant indoors if temperatures dips very low.
  3. It grows best in temperatures between 60 to 75 F (16 to 24 C).

Arrowhead Plant Propagation

This Syngonium plant can be propagated by cuttings, root division and air layering. Take the cutting in early summer and put one end in water. The cuttings are easily rooted in water. It is also  very easy to grow from root division. Its roots are quite dense, just divide the root keeping a small palnt to it and repot.
Arrowhead Plant in a pot
Arrowhead Plant in a Pot

Watering

  1. The arrowhead plant requires humid conditions for optimal growth. You can mist the plan.
  2. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between watering.
  3. Do not over-water, just keep it moist. Over-watering will cause root rot.
  4. You can place the pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water to increase humidity.
  5. Limit on water in fall and winter.

Fertilizer

Feed your arrowhead plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer every month.

Pests and Diseases

You may see spider mites, aphids, scale and mealybug insect pests on your arrowhead plants.

Arrowhead Flower

The arrowhead plant produce flowers somewhat similar to those of the peace lily.
Repotting

The roots of the plant becomes very extensive, so in spring repot the plant every second year.

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