How to Grow Fenugreek : Guide to Growing Methi

Fenugreek leaves are very easy to grow from seeds in pots or ground, even indoors. Read on the following step by step guide on how to grow fenugreek from seeds in pots or ground at home, even indoors.

Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum) is an annual growing herb native to the Mediterranean and Western Asia. Fenugreek leaves are not only very easy to grow from seeds in pots or ground at home, but also extremely beneficial herb.

Fenugreek is known by various names like Methi, Greek Hay, Foenugreek, Fenigreek, Bird’s Foot, Hilba, Trigonella, Cow’s Horn, Goat’s Horn, etc.

Its fresh leaves (methi greens) are used in some Indian dishes and veggie curries and seeds in curry powders. Methi leaves are used in Thepla, which are very popular in Gujarati meals, and are used for regular meals, breakfast and during travelling. (fenugreek benefits for health)

The methi leaves are dried and used in cooking as a spice. Dried fenugreek leaves are known as Kasuri Methi or kasoori methi. India is the largest grower of fenugreek.

Growing Fenugreek  From Seeds

Fenugreek Plant Description

Fenugreek leaves
Fenugreek Methi Leaves
The fenugreek plant can grow to a height of 60 cm. It has three-lobed triangular leaves, hence the generic name trigonell. The plant produces yellow flowers which form beans containing fenugreek seeds. The fenugreek methi grows very quickly.

When to Plant

  1. Fenugreek grows well in spring to early autumn seasons, specially when the soil is warm. I have also grown it in winter in Sydney but the growth is slow. Fenugreek grows best when the temperature is between 10 to 30 °(50 to 90 °F).
  2. In the areas of frost, it may be started indoors 5 weeks prior to the last frost of the season. 


Fenugreek should be planted in full sun to part shade.


  1. Methi grows well in a neutral to slightly acid (pH 6.0-7.0) soil.
  2. Dig the ground to a depth of 25 cm and break big chunks of soil. Mix some river sand to make it free draining (vegetable garden soil).
  3. Mix lots of organic material like compost (composting) and aged manure to make the soil fertile.

Pots or ground?

The fenugreek methi can be grown in any container or ground. The advantage of growing it in a pot is that it can be moved to indoors in the case of frost. I grow in ground and in a rectangular Styrofoam fruit box of height about 10 inches.

Methi Seeds
Fenugreek Seeds

Sowing the fenugreek seeds

  1. The plant does not like to be transplanted after germination, so the seeds should be sown at the final place. Or you can sow seeds in biodegradable pots which can be put directly into the ground later on.
  2. Buy good quality seeds from garden shop or use the seeds from your previous crop.
  3. Sow seeds about 5 mm deep and 50 mm apart in straight line trenches for seed sowing. You can also sow the seeds in criss-cross patterns. In stead of sowing in trenches, you can just sprinkle the seeds on the bed and cover with soil.
  4. Water well and keep soil well-moistened.
  5. Seeds will germinate in 3-5 days.
  6. In the areas of frost, it may be started indoors 5 weeks prior to the last frost of the season. The seedlings can be transplanted outdoors when the soil temperature is around 15°C (60°F).
  7. I sow seeds every 2-3 weeks in the season, so that when the first set of plants die, I am having the next set to get fresh methi.
Methi Plants Growing in a Pot
Methi Plants Growing in a Pot


Keep the soil moist, but do not over-water.

Fertilizer for fenugreek plants

  1. Feed the plants with fish emulsion spray regularly.
  2. Fenugreek plants add nitrogen to the soil as broad beans do, so they are good to add nitrogen to the soil.

Harvesting Methi Leaves

Methi leaves will be ready to harvest within 3-4 weeks. I just chop the leaves from the top of the plants as and when I need it in the kitchen. This will encourage more growth and you will be able to harvest again fresh leaves after 2-3 weeks.

Harvesting Fenugreek Seeds

  1. The plants will produce beans containing fenugreek seeds.
  2. If you want to make fenugreek seeds, continue feeding and watering till the plants start to die.
  3. Collect the seed pods and thresh them to extract the seeds. Leave the seeds in the sun to dry.
  4. Save the pods until you sow the seeds next time.
  5. Store the methi seeds can be stored in an air-tight container and keep in a dry, dark spot.

How To Store Fresh Methi Leaves For Long

You can store methi leaves for many months almost as fresh as the new ones, with no change in their colour, taste or flavour. The method is given below:
  1. Harvest fresh fenugreek leaves from your plants or buy from the market.
  2. Chop the leaves roughly and wrap in aluminium foil lightly. Make 2-3 such packets.
  3. Put the packets in a Ziploc bag and freeze it.
  4. When you want to use the methi leaves, simply take out a packet, open it and wash and use.
  5. It is better not to wash the leaves before chopping to reduce the moisture, otherwise the leaves will rot in the fridge.

Making Fenugreek Sprouts

You may be wondering how to make fenugreek sprouts at home. Yes, it is simple. Put seeds in a jar and cover with 3-4 inch of water above the seeds. Drain the water and cover seeds with a muslin cloth and leave in a dark place. The seeds will sprout in 2-3 days.


  1. Trigonella foenum-graecum information from NPGS/GRIN,
  2. V. A. Parthasarathy, K. Kandinnan and V. Srinivasan (ed.). "Fenugreek". Organic Spices. New India Publishing Agencies. p. 694.
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  1. Please tell me, can I grow methi in a small container like a fruit box?

    1. You can grow methi or fenugreek in any pot, small or large. You can place them in your kitchen window where it can receive sun light. cut off the leaves as and when required.

  2. How can I get regular fresh methi leaves in the season from my kitchen garden?

  3. Prepare two garden beds or containers for growing fenugreek. Sow seeds in one of the spots and after 3-4 weeks sow seeds in the second one. When the plants in the first spot begin to die, the methi will be ready to harvest in the second one. Keep on repeating this.

  4. Hi .. I have sowed the fenugreek seeds indoors but yesterday I could see white hair on the roots of the sprouts .. Is it mold or is it fine ? I want to fix this right away . Pls help me

    1. When the fenugreek seeds germinate, white hairy thing will develop which will form a tony leaf.

  5. I planted my Fenugreek about 6 weeks ago, just harvested my first batch. A strong maple smell is in the air around my pots which is the smell I am familiar with. The Methi I buy in stores has the same aroma.

    However I cut out a large bunch of leaves to wash/dry, and they just have a strong earthy smell to them. No maple smell at all once they are out of the garden. I proceeded to dry them anyway and there was no change.

    What did I do wrong? Did I harvest too early?

    1. The typical methi flavour will come back when it is cooked.

    2. The typical methi flavour will come back when it is cooked.

  6. The best blog on kitchen gardening. Under sowing it is mentioned 5 cm deep, we presume 5 mm deep.

  7. Yes, the methi seeds should be sown 5 mm deep. Thanks.

  8. Oh is mm...oops. Hope my galangal grows now :'-

  9. Fantastic!
    No words to express my gratitude for the knowledge that I have got here.
    Thank you ��

  10. My seedlings r started to dry out can u help me in this regard? Thanks

  11. My fenugreek plants soon develops beens, should I pluck them?

    1. You can use fenugreek leaves 2-3 times, after that the plant produce flowers and beans. You have to sow new seeds. However, you can mix the plants i the soil as they are the green manure, adding nutrients to the soil.


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