How to Grow Arabian Jasmine Vine - Jasmine Plant Care

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac, olive family Oleaceae) is an evergreen shrub native to India, but is also planted in most tropical climates around the world. It is the national flower of Indonesia and the Philippines. Arabian jasmine is also called as Biblical Jasmine or mogra or mograw or motiya or yasmeen in India, sampaguita flower in Philippines and melati putih in Indonesia.

Follow the Arabian Jasmine growing tips and how to care for Jasmine plant  for growing in pots and outdoors in ground with attention to planting, watering, fertilization, and pests and diseases. The instructions are the same for growing all types of jasmine including Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Information For Growing And Caring A Jasmine Vine

Sampaguita flower is the general name of Jasminum sambac species including different names as Arabian jasmine, Philippine jasmine, Kampupot, Melati, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Pikake in Hawaii.

There are three main varieties of jasmine depending on the shape of leaves and flowers structure. These are
  1. Maid of Orleans: Single flowers with five rounded petals.
  2. (Bela) Belle of India: Single or semi-double or flowers with elongated petal, single and double flowers on the same plant.
  3. Grand Duke of Tuscany: Clusters of flowers (sometimes single flower). Only the central flower is truly double-rossete. Side flowers are semi-double, and like miniature roses.
Details of Arabian Jasmine Flower
Arabian Jasmine Mogra Flower

Arabian Jasmine Flowers
Sampaguita Flowers
Jasminum sambac grows like a shrub or a vine to a height of up to 3 m with a 1 m spread. The plant bears dark green glossy foliage and white flowers. I have seen Indian jasmine growing on fence, too dense producing thousands of flowers.

In flowers of some jasmine, like star jasmine and Chameli - Jasminum grandiflorum, the petals are thin, while there are multiple petalled Arabian Jasmine flowers, typically around 2.5 cm in diameter, which look like small white roses. The flower has more than five and in some varieties even nine petals.

The mogra flowers are borne in clusters with a minimum of three flowers, usually on the ends of branches. The flowers are white or yellow in color, some varieties can produce slightly reddish blooms.

The night blooming jasmine blooms only at night and are very fragrant. The fragrant flowers last for only one day once they have opened their petals.

The jasmine blooms for 6-9 months of the year. The flowers are used to produce some of the world’s most popular fragrances, scented tea and oil. The jasmine perfume is favorable of many people.

In Asian countries, many women put jasmine garland made up of buds and flowers for their hair adornments, symbolizing grace and elegance.

The fruits of Jasmines are berries that turn black when ripe.

You can maximize the growth of jasmine indoors in containers or outdoor in ground to get up to 9 months of fragrant flowers. I grow Jasmine bush in pots and outdoors in ground in Sydney.

Position : Growing Temperatures

The Jasmine shrub prefers full sun, at least 6 hour of sun light, but it will tolerate partially shaded conditions. It grows in intermediate to warm temperatures. Where the night temperature is below 0°C, the plant should be moved indoors. The Arabian jasmine can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11. In USDA plant hardiness zones Zones 6 to 9, you can grow Winter Jasmine (J. nudiflorum), which can bloom  during winter also. Common Jasmine (J. officinale) can be grown in  Zones 7 to 10.

Soil for Arabian Jasmine Plant

The soil requirement is for all types of jasmine plants, viz.Grand Duke of Tuscany, Maid of Orleans and belle of India is the same.

Plant in a free draining rich soil by mixing two parts loam, two parts peat moss and one part river sand (garden soil). You can also add coconut coir or organic compost (making compost) into the soil to increase the moisture retention.


  1. Buy a small plant from your local nursery or grow your own by propagating Jasmine from a cutting. Know hot to propagate Jasmine from cuttings. If you bought the plant from a nursery, then you can transfer it to ground at any time.
  2. Dig a hole that is twice the size of the container of the plant. Once you put the plant in the hole, half fill it with the soil.
  3. Take out the plant from the container and place it in the hole.
  4. Fill the surrounding area with soil. Make a raised boundary of soil around the plant and fill  with water.
  5. Put a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the plant.
  6. When grown, tie the stems to prevent from drooping and causing damage to flowers and plant.
  7. You can plant your Arabian Jasmine Mogra in a pot using the above mentioned soil. The pot should have good drainage with several holes. Keep newly re-potted plant in bright, indirect light for a few days.


Arabian Jasmine Plant in Pot
Arabian Jasmine Plant in Pot
Allow the soil to dry out before watering. Water Jasmine plant thoroughly until water comes out the drainage holes, but always keep the drip tray empty. Reduce the frequency of watering in winter.


  1. Every month from spring to fall, feed your indoor jasmine plant with a liquid fertilizer with the dilution as recommended on the label of the fertilizer. Do not feed if the plant is water-stressed. First water the plant and then feed. I feed my jasmine plant with comfrey tea fertilizer every time after flowers have finished.
  2. Fertilizing the Outdoor Jasmine Vine
    Prune the Arabian jasmine plant in the winter before fertilization.
    If the jasmine plant is in ground, spread the fertilizer granules or powder on the soil up to the drip line and rack up. Water the soil deeply, to the top 6 inches. Fertilizer quarterly.
Sampaguita Mogra Flowers used to make Gajra and Garlands
Sampaguita Jasmine Mogra Flowers Gajra


You can prune the branches that extend between 6-8 feet. As flowers grow best on new branches, pruning in mid-summer will encourage the growth of new wood producing more flowers.

If your plant is not flowering, you should trim the branches at the tips and give a liquid feed high in potassium to encourage new growth and flowering.This is the best way to flower your jasmine vine.

I usually trim the branches after every flush of flowers.

Jasmine Pests and Diseases

Jasmine plants can be affected by pests like aphids, caterpillars, mites and mealy bugs; and fungus diseases like powdery mildew and stem blight. These pests and diseases should be treated before they damage the plant, otherwise the jasmine buds will be turning brown.

I control most of the jasmine problems by pruning and spraying some fungicide regularly.

If your Arabian jasmine plant does not produce flowers then you should prune the plant and fertilize it. The new growth will produce jasmine buds at the tips of the new growth.


  1. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: PLANTS Profile: Jasminum sambac, United States National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map
  2. B.K. Banerji & A.K. Dwivedi. "Fragrant world of Jasmine". Floriculture Today, National Botanical Research Institute,
  3. Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton: Arabian jasmine, PLANTS profile, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture,
  4. Baby P. Skaria (2007). Aromatic Plants: Vol.01. Horticulture Science Series, Horticulture science 1. New India Publishing. p. 182. ISBN 978-81-89422-45-5
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  1. Arabian jasmine is a beautiful flower. My plant is not growing properly. I will take care of my plant as suggested in this post.

  2. no flower in my arabian jasmine plant. it get sunlight for 3 hours in a day. what do i do?

    1. 1. Cut the tips of the growing branches.
      2. Apply some liquid feed high in potassium such as power feed, comfrey tea, etc.

  3. The growth of my jasmine plant is very slow. What should I do?

    1. The growth of jasmine plant depends on proper soil and fertilization with potassium rich fertilizer. Trim the growing tips to encourage new growth and place the plant is sunny place.

  4. My plants are 8 years old but the flowers not heavy. ..what should I use best fertilizer.sugest me

    1. Prune the plant. Cut off all the growing branches at the tips and feed with a fertilizer high in potassium mixed with seaweed solution every fortnight.

  5. My arabian jasmine is growing very healthy but the buds are turning brown even before they bloom..any suggestions?

    1. Near your Jasmine plant burry a kiluvai tree it grows your jasmine tree. Actually kiluvai is a tamil name

  6. I just bought Arabian Jasmine (September 25 ) ,
    My question is when is the best time to plant/transfer it to the ground after digging the hole and prepare it with the right soil? Thanks

    1. You can transfer it to the ground at any time, if there is no frost. Transfer the plant with without disturbing the roots. Feed the plant with seaweed solution.

  7. Hi, can we leave the plant outside in the soil in the winter? I live in North Carolina which gets pretty hot in the summer but goes freezing in the winter during night times.

    1. Arabian jasmine plant van tolerate night temperatures during winter in USDA growing zones 9 to 11. North Carolina is probably in 5b to 8b zone so you need to bring the plant indoors.


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