Arabian Jasmine : How to Grow & Care For Arabian Jasmine Plant

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac, olive family Oleaceae) is an evergreen shrub native to India, but is also planted in most tropical climates around the world. It is the national flower of Indonesia and the Philippines. Arabian jasmine is also called as Biblical Jasmine or mogra or mograw or motiya or yasmeen in India, sampaguita flower in Philippines and melati putih in Indonesia.

Continue reading below on Arabian Jasmine growing information and Arabian Jasmine plant care for growing in pots, indoors and outdoors with attention to planting, watering, fertilization, and pests and diseases. The instructions are the same for growing all types of Jasmines including Arabian Grand Duke of Tuscany.


Arabian Jasmine Plant Information

Sampaguita flower is the general name of Jasminum sambac species including different names as Arabian jasmine, Philippine jasmine, Kampupot, Melati, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Pikake in Hawaii.

Arabian Jasmine Plant Types, Varieties of Jasmines

There are three main varieties or types of Arabian jasmine depending on the shape of leaves and flowers structure. These are
  1. Maid of Orleans: Single flowers with five rounded petals.
  2. (Bela) Belle of India: Single or semi-double or flowers with elongated petal, single and double flowers on the same plant.
  3. Grand Duke of Tuscany: Clusters of flowers (sometimes single flower). Only the central flower is truly double-rossete. Side flowers are semi-double, and like miniature roses.
Details of Arabian Jasmine Flower
Arabian Jasmine Mogra Flower>

Jasminum sambac grows like a shrub or a vine to a height of up to 3 m with a 1 m spread. The plant bears dark green glossy foliage and white flowers. I have seen Indian jasmine growing on fence, too dense producing thousands of flowers.

In flowers of some jasmine, like star jasmine and Chameli - Jasminum grandiflorum, the petals are thin, while there are multiple petalled Arabian Jasmine flowers, typically around 2.5 cm in diameter, which look like small white roses. The flower has more than five and in some varieties even nine petals.

The Arabian jasmine mogra flowers are borne in clusters with a minimum of three flowers, usually on the ends of branches. The flowers are white or yellow in color, some varieties can produce slightly reddish blooms.

The night blooming jasmine (growing night blooming jasmine) blooms only at night and are very fragrant. The fragrant flowers last for only one day once they have opened their petals.

The Arabian jasmine blooms for 6-9 months of the year. The flowers are used to produce some of the world’s most popular fragrances, scented tea and oil. The jasmine perfume is favorable of many people.

In Asian countries, many women put jasmine garland made up of buds and flowers for their hair adornments, symbolizing grace and elegance.

The fruits of Jasmines are berries that turn black when ripe.

You can maximize the growth of jasmine indoors in containers or outdoor in ground to get up to 9 months of fragrant flowers. I grow Jasmine bush in pots and outdoors in ground in Sydney, Australia.

Growing Jasmine Plant

Position For Growing Jasmine Plant: Growing Temperatures

The Jasmine shrub prefers full sun, at least 6 hour of sun light, but it will tolerate partially shaded conditions. It grows in intermediate to warm temperatures. Where the night temperature is below 0°C, the plant should be moved indoors. The Arabian jasmine can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11. In USDA plant hardiness zones Zones 6 to 9, you can grow Winter Jasmine (J. nudiflorum), which can bloom  during winter also. Common Jasmine (J. officinale) can be grown in  Zones 7 to 10.

Soil for Arabian Jasmine Plant

The soil requirement is for all types of jasmine plants, viz.Grand Duke of Tuscany, Maid of Orleans and belle of India is the same.

Plant in a free draining rich soil by mixing two parts loam, two parts peat moss and one part river sand (garden soil). You can also add coconut coir or organic compost (making compost) into the soil to increase the moisture retention.

Planting Jasmine

  1. Buy a small plant from your local nursery or grow your own by propagating Jasmine from a cutting. Know how to propagate Arabian Jasmine from cuttings. If you bought the Arabian jasmine plant from a nursery, then you can transfer it to ground at any time.
  2. Dig a hole that is twice the size of the container of the plant. Once you put the plant in the hole, half fill it with the soil.
  3. Take out the plant from the container and place it in the hole.
  4. Fill the surrounding area with soil. Make a raised boundary of soil around the plant and fill  with water.
  5. Put a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the plant.
  6. When grown, tie the stems to prevent from drooping and causing damage to flowers and plant.
  7. You can plant your Arabian Jasmine Mogra in a pot using the above mentioned soil. The pot should have good drainage with several holes. Keep newly re-potted plant in bright, indirect light for a few days.

How To Care For Arabian Jasmine Plant

Watering Jasmine Vine

Allow the soil to dry out before watering. Water Jasmine plant thoroughly until water comes out the drainage holes, but always keep the drip tray empty. Reduce the frequency of watering in winter.

Fertilizer For Arabian Jasmine Plant

The question is what kind of fertilizer should you use for a jasmine plant and when to fertilize a jasmine plant.
  1. When to fertilizer a Jasmine plant: Every month from spring to fall, feed your indoor jasmine plant with a liquid fertilizer high in potassium with the dilution as recommended on the label of the fertilizer. Give the liquid fertilizer in the soil and spray on the leaves also. Do not feed your jasmine plant if it is water-stressed. First water the plant and then feed. I feed my jasmine plant with comfrey tea fertilizer every time after flowers have finished. The comfrey tea, seaweed solution and compost are the best homemade fertilizersfor jasmine plant.
  2. Fertilizing the Outdoor Jasmine Vine
    Prune the Arabian jasmine plant in the winter before fertilization.
    If the jasmine plant is in ground, spread the fertilizer granules or powder on the soil up to the drip line and rack up. Water the soil deeply, to the top 6 inches. Fertilizer quarterly.
Sampaguita Mogra Flowers used to make Gajra and Garlands
Sampaguita Jasmine Mogra Flowers Gajra

How To Prune Jasmine Vine

  1. You can prune the branches that extend between 6-8 feet. As flowers grow best on new branches, pruning in mid-summer will encourage the growth of new wood producing more flowers.
  2. If your plant is not flowering, you should trim the branches at the tips and give a liquid feed high in potassium to encourage new growth and flowering.This is the best way to flower your jasmine vine.
  3. I usually trim the branches after every flush of flowers.

Jasmine Pests and Diseases

  1. Jasmine plants can be affected by pests like aphids, caterpillars, mites and mealy bugs; and fungus diseases like powdery mildew and stem blight. These pests and diseases should be treated before they damage the plant, otherwise the jasmine buds will be turning brown.
  2. I control most of the jasmine problems by pruning and spraying some fungicide regularly.
  3. If your Arabian jasmine plant does not produce flowers then you should prune the plant and fertilize it. The new growth will produce jasmine buds at the tips of the new growth.

How to propagate Arabian jasmine plant video


how to grow jasmine from cuttings
how to grow jasmine from cuttings

References

  1. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: PLANTS Profile: Jasminum sambac, United States National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map
  2. B.K. Banerji & A.K. Dwivedi. "Fragrant world of Jasmine". Floriculture Today, National Botanical Research Institute, www.floriculturetoday.in/fragrant-world-of-jasmine.html
  3. Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton: Arabian jasmine, PLANTS profile, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture, plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=JASA
  4. Baby P. Skaria (2007). Aromatic Plants: Vol.01. Horticulture Science Series, Horticulture science 1. New India Publishing. p. 182. ISBN 978-81-89422-45-5

25 comments:

Anonymous July 23, 2014 7:53 AM
Arabian jasmine is a beautiful flower. My plant is not growing properly. I will take care of my plant as suggested in this post.
Thanks!
Tahsina Zannat October 18, 2015 2:38 PM
no flower in my arabian jasmine plant. it get sunlight for 3 hours in a day. what do i do?
P. Mehta October 20, 2015 8:17 AM
1. Cut the tips of the growing branches.
2. Apply some liquid feed high in potassium such as power feed, comfrey tea, etc.
Anonymous February 14, 2016 7:49 AM
The growth of my jasmine plant is very slow. What should I do?
P. Mehta February 14, 2016 8:01 AM
The growth of jasmine plant depends on proper soil and fertilization with potassium rich fertilizer. Trim the growing tips to encourage new growth and place the plant is sunny place.
Shahzad Aziz March 28, 2016 4:26 AM
My plants are 8 years old but the flowers not heavy. ..what should I use best fertilizer.sugest me
Lekha Chitra May 29, 2016 10:04 PM
My arabian jasmine is growing very healthy but the buds are turning brown even before they bloom..any suggestions?
Suhaibu Ahamed September 23, 2016 1:33 PM
Near your Jasmine plant burry a kiluvai tree it grows your jasmine tree. Actually kiluvai is a tamil name
P. Mehta September 24, 2016 7:07 AM
Prune the plant. Cut off all the growing branches at the tips and feed with a fertilizer high in potassium mixed with seaweed solution every fortnight.
Unknown September 27, 2016 5:03 AM
I just bought Arabian Jasmine (September 25 ) ,
My question is when is the best time to plant/transfer it to the ground after digging the hole and prepare it with the right soil? Thanks
P. Mehta September 27, 2016 3:40 PM
You can transfer it to the ground at any time, if there is no frost. Transfer the plant with without disturbing the roots. Feed the plant with seaweed solution.
Anonymous October 04, 2016 12:50 PM
Hi, can we leave the plant outside in the soil in the winter? I live in North Carolina which gets pretty hot in the summer but goes freezing in the winter during night times.
P. Mehta October 04, 2016 4:42 PM
Arabian jasmine plant van tolerate night temperatures during winter in USDA growing zones 9 to 11. North Carolina is probably in 5b to 8b zone so you need to bring the plant indoors.
Sharkey April 10, 2017 10:44 AM
I just bought an Arabian jasmine plant at Lowe's in either a 3 or 5-gallon pot. I live in Zone 8b in NW FL. I have two other types of jasmine that are planted outdoors and that never freeze. However, I'm afraid to plant this one in the ground as we sometimes have harsher winters that we had this year. Since it gets so big, what size pot do you recommend putting this one in and will it need a trellis to climb?
P. Mehta April 10, 2017 12:09 PM
The Arabian jasmine are of different varieties, some may need a trellis and some may not. So keep the plant without a trellis to start with. When the plant grows, you will know if it needs a trellis. It is a good idea not to plant in a big pot in the begining. Change the plant to next size, when you see roots coming out at the bottom from drainage holes or after one year. Always use a free draining fertile soil containing cow manure or compost whenever you transplant into a next size pot. This way the plant will become root bound and in the roots in the fresh soil at each change. Also a larger pot with less roots may cause the root system to rot.
Unknown May 01, 2017 5:37 AM
What is best way to dry the flowers for tea?
Geeta Chopra July 16, 2017 12:44 PM
Hello sir, I have 3 jasmine plants, after initial transplant shock they startf to grow quite well and several buds were formed. However the flowers when bloomed were very weak, distorted and also fell off within a few hours. The leaves look very soft and there is no new growth on one of the plants. I have treated the plants with organic pesticide and fungicide and also trimmed the one which stopped growing. Can you please advise what could probably be the problem and how do I fix it. Any advise you may have will be greatly appreciated. Thank you.
P. Mehta July 17, 2017 12:36 PM
Of the jasmine plant is small and has lots of buds, then the life of flowers may be very less. Probably, the next flush of flowers will do better.
Srilatha July 31, 2017 3:24 AM
Hi sir. I got Arabian Jasmine plant last year and I re potted in big pot. It is giving new stems and long shoots and it is very healthy. problem is at one point it will stop with out buds(it grows up to beginning of the bud.but I don't see any bud forming)
P. Mehta July 31, 2017 6:23 AM
Cut the growing end of all the stems. The new growth will produce many flowers.
k8zone August 01, 2017 2:52 PM
I live in cambodia. I grow my mogea Jasmine in November 2015 now my Jasmine plant are getting bigger and very long it grow like vine one of the branch reach 6 meter it claim on my terli. I am happy to see it get biger. my neighbor always ask why my mogra Jasmine are bigger.....sorry English is not my native language.
S Wg August 03, 2017 6:49 PM
Hello, I bought an Arabian jasmine 3 days ago from a nursery. There were a couple of leaves that were starting to turn yellow. Its soil was so dry, I gave it a good thorough water & let it drain & kept it in the yard where it gets full sun (8am - 9pm). Now, there are a couple more leaves that have started to turn yellow also. The weather here has been quite hot during the days (23-32 degrees Celsius) with relatively warm nights (15-20 degrees Celsius). Why are the leaves turning yellow? How can I help it maintain healthy green leaves? Please help! What am I doing wrong?
P. Mehta August 04, 2017 7:14 PM
Keep the plant damp. If it is too hot, keep the plant where it receives only the morning or evening direct sun.
LuckyLefty May 12, 2018 8:04 PM
Hello. Should I pluck the flowers as soon as they bloom or leave them on indefinitely? What is best practice? Thanks.
P. Mehta May 13, 2018 7:55 AM
You can pluck the jasmine flowers immediately if you want to use them, otherwise leave them on the plant. I remove them when they are finished/dried.