Growing Radishes: Planting, Harvesting and Problems

Radishes (Botanical name- Raphanus sativus) are very easy to grow. The entire radish plant is edible, root, leaves, flowers and even seed pods.

Radishes can be grown in garden beds or in containers, outdoors or indoors. Follow the care tips and guide given below to grow them organically.

Radishes are a fast-growing cool-season annual crop. The seeds germinate quickly and the smaller varieties can be harvested for consumption within a month, while larger daikon varieties takes several months.

Tips For How To Grow Radishes

Radish Varieties

Round Radishes Red and White
Round Radishes
Long Radishes, Daikon Mooli variety
Long Radishes
Radishes come in various varieties, depending on size, color, flavour and the length of of their maturity.
  1. Smaller roots variety produces small roots - white or red, 1 inch diameter round or 3 inch long, with only a few leaves about 5 in long.
  2. Longer root variety produces up to 24 inch long roots, with leaves about 24 inch long. This type includes oriental radishes, daikon, mooli and winter radishes.


Radishes grow well in full sun, at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. In shade, the radish plants put all their energy into producing larger leaves.

Radishes are a cool weather crop. In warm weather they bolt more quickly and put most of the growth into the tops.


Radishes require well-drained rich soil with pH 5.8 to 7.2. Dig the ground to a depth of 12 inch and remove any rocks and pebbles, break big chunks of soil. If the soil is clay, mix some river sand to make it free draining.

Mix some organic material like compost and aged manure and sprinkle some 4-5-0 (N-P-K) fertilizer.

If the soil is too acidic, it will cause only the leaves to grow. If this is the case for your radish crop, then next year get the soil tested for its pH level and then amend the soil to make it neutral.

When to Plant Radish

  1. Radishes are cold season vegetable and can be planted in spring and the autumn. Plant about 4 weeks before the average date of last frost in spring. In Australia, USA and elsewhere, it can be planted when the soil temperature is between 8 to 30°C.
  2. In USA, it can be grown in USDA Hardiness Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
  3. They can be planted every 2-3 weeks to take many crips each season due to its rapid days to maturity.

How To Plant Seeds

  1. Radish is propagated directly from seed.
  2. Planting direct seeds in the garden is the easiest way to grow radishes.
  3. Do not sow the seeds very deep. Sow at a depth of atl east three times the size of seed, but not more than half inch deep and 3-4 inch apart in rows 12 inches apart. The spacing of the plant depends on the seed variety, check the seed packet for recommendations to ensure that there is enough room for the roots to grow. Water well and keep moist.
  4. The seeds will germinate in 3-4 days.
  5. When the seedlings are about 2 inches high, thin them to keep 1 to 2 inch distance between them for spring and summer type plants and 2 to 4 inches for winter types.
  6. If you want continuous harvest of radishes, sow seeds every two weeks.
  7. Mulch with any organic mulch to contain moisture and discourage weeds.


  1. Water well to maintain plenty of moisture, but not waterlogged. Water consistently, uneven watering will slow cause radishes to split and becoming bitter.
  2. Hot and dry weather can also cause the radish roots to become spicy and woody.
  3. Always water in the morning.
  4. If the leaves turn yellow, it means you are watering too much.
  5. If planting in a container and indoors, place the pot near a window where it can get sunlight.

Very Small Radish or No Root Development?

The reasons for only leaves and no root development are as below:
  1. Planted too closely.
  2. Too much nitrogen and too little potassium in soil. Give seaweed or copmfrey liquid fertilizer every 3rd week.
  3. Planted in shade.
  4. Weather is too hot.

Pests and Diseases

  1. Aphids, Cabbage maggot, Flea beetles, can cause leaf curl, wilted leaves, yellow leaves, and small, round holes in leaves. Root maggots may tunnel into radish roota. Use row covers at planting. Rotate to different part of garden at next seeding.
  2. Bacteria scab can cause crown-yellow circular lesions on roots; sunken, cracked lesions which may be irregular in shape and coalesce. It is difficult to control. You should maintain soil moisture high, also keep the soil pH low.
  3. Rotating crop is a good solution to scab attack.
  4. Reduce weeds in garden.
  5. Treat the plant with an insecticide. Spray diatomaceous earth (DE) on leaves. It is a white talc-like powder that is the fossilized remains of marine phytoplankton.


Radishes don't require additional fertilization after they are planted.

Harvesting Radishes

Radish Seed Pods
Radish Seed Pods
  1. Radishes require 22 to 70 days to come to harvest.
  2. Radishes require 3-8 weeks after planting depending on varieties.
  3. Do not leave in the ground long after maturity, they will become hard, fibrous and spicy.
  4. If left in the garden, spring and summer types will often begin to flower.
  5. When roots are about 1 inch in diameter and young, they are tasty to eat.
  6. Slow growing radishes will become hard. So maintain good soil moisture and fertility to encourage fast growth.

Harvesting Leaves

Tender leaves of radishes can be eaten as salad and in making a vegie. I normally pinch half of the tender leaves from each plant and use them. Such plants take a bit longer to full root development.

Harvesting Seed Pods

  1. Do not take out the radish roots and let them form seed stalks with pods. Pinch ioff the pods.
  2. You can plant the tops from radishes purchased at the shop. After they form roots, they will flower and produce many seed pods.
  3. Radish seed pods can be eaten as a salad.
  4. In India, these pods are used in cooking to make a veggie.


  1. Cut the tops off short, wash the radishes and dry them thoroughly. Store in plastic bags in the refrigerator.
  2. Radish greens can be stored separately for up to three days.

Compatible Plants With Radish

The plants which can be planted in the same garden bed with radishes are cress, leeks, lettuce, spinach, strawberries and tomatoes.

Avoid growing in same bed with hyssop, gherkins

Making Radish Seeds

Do not take out the radish root and let it form a seed stalk with pods.

Leave the pods dry on the plant to dry. Once the pods are fully dry and brown, break open the pods and collect the seeds. Store seeds in a container in a cool, dark, dry place for up to 4-5 years.


  1. Anderson, C. R. Radishes. University of Arkansas, Division of Agriculture, Home gardening Series: radishes,
  2. Daniels, C. (2013). Growing radishes in the home garden. Washington State University Extension Fact Sheet,
You can Comment via Google+ or Others and also View Comments by clicking on the following.



No comments:

Comments from Anonymous Users will not be published. Write your name and URL can be left blank.

Home & Garden Blogs |