How To Grow and Care For Jade Plant

Learn how to grow jade plant from stem cuttings and a single leaf in soil and water. Follow the easy instructions on jade plant propagation.

The Jade Plant (Cassula Ovata, Crassula argentea), native to South Africa is succulent shrub. The jade plant cleans the air, so it is a very good indoor house plant. It absorbs toxic gases released from paints, carpets, walls, furniture, adhesives, etc, thereby improving the air quality.

The jade plant is known as money plant and is considered a symbol of good luck, wealth and prosperity, so this plant is a great gifts plant.  The jade plant is also known as lucky plant, dollar plant, friendship tree and pink joy. Many people consider jade plant as remedies for diarrhea, nausea, wart removal, epilepsy, etc.

The jade leaves are shiny, thick oval shaped of dark green color.The matured plant produces white or pink flowers.
The Jade Plant Propagation
The Jade Plant

Growing Jade Plant, Jade Plant Propagation

The jade plant is easy to propagate from a single leaf or stem cutting. The jade cutting can be grown in soil or water.

Cut a stem from a healthy jade plant. The cutting must be thin, at least two three inches long. Remove the lower leaves from the stem, keeping only two leaves. The smaller cuttings are easier to root, but the plant takes longer to grow big. However, you can start with larger cuttings without any difficulty, if you take proper care for planting, soil type and watering.

The first important point for success is to leave the cuttings and leaves in shade for a couple of days to allow to form callus at the cut points to prevent rotting.

Soil For Jade Plant Propagation

The soil for jade plant propagation should be free-draining. Mix potting mix, cow manure or compost (how to make compost at home) and river sand in equal amount. The cow manure will make the soil fertile, while the sand  makes the soil porous.

Growing Jade Plant From a Single Leaf


Jade Plant Propagation From Single Leaf
Jade Plant Propagation From Single Leaf
Cut a few old leaves from a healthy jade plant. Leave the cut leaves in a warm place for a couple days to form a callous around the cut end. This will prevent the leaves from rotting when planted in soil.

Take a small pot having many drainage holes at its bottom and fill it with the soil and water very lightly to make it moist.

Make a small hole in the soil and put the leaf in it and press soil around. Keep the pot in a warm place in shade. Do not water for next ten days.

The new growth will emerge in a few weeks. After the plant is rooted, water only when the soil becomes dry.

Growing Jade Plant From Stem Cuttings in Soil

Cut a small 2-3 inch stem from a healthy jade plant and remove all of its leaves except 2 leaves. Leave the cutting in a warm place for a couple days to form a callous around the cut end. This will save the cutting from rotting when planted in soil.

Take a medium size pot having many drainage holes at its bottom and fill it with the soil mixture and moist the soil. Make a hole in the soil and put the cutting in it and press the soil around. Keep the pot in a warm shade. Do not water for next ten days. The new growth will emerge in a few weeks.  New growth will begin in a few weeks, then water every two weeks or when the soil becomes dry.

Growing Jade Plant From Stem Cuttings in Water

Jade Plant Propagation From Stem in Water
Jade Plant Propagation From Stem in Water
To grow the jade plant with a jade cutting in water, take a stem cutting and put it in shade for a few days to form callous at the cut end.

Take a narrow mouth bottle, fill it half with water and insert the cutting in the bottle and place in shade.

Change the water every three to four days until roots are grown.  Change the water every two weeks after the new growth.

How To Care For Jade Plant

The jade plants can live up to 100 years outdoors and for man decades indoors, if you care it properly. Following are the basic instructions on how to care for jade plant.

To Branch Out Jade Plant

Pinch the tips of the growing branches back to the leaf node of the jade plant to encourage it to form new branches.

Where To Plant : Sunlight Requirements

Jade plant flourishes in full sun, at least 4-5 hours of sun daily. As a house plant, place the plant indoors in a south facing spot.  If they do not have full sun, they may become leggy or dull color. Jade plants kept as houseplants should be moved outdoors in sun during summer.

If your jade plant gets good sunlight, the tips of the leaves will turn into beautifully red color, but its stem will grow thick, becoming woody.

Temperature

The ideal temperature for a jade plant is 15.5° - 24° (60°- 75°F). The plant can tolerate low temperatures of winter to 10°C (50°F).

The Pot Size

The roots of the jade plant like to be crowded, so keep your plant in a small pot, no need to transfer it to the larger pot quite often. However, while selecting the pot for your jade plant, keep in mind that as your plant matures, its top becomes heavy. So choose a heavy pot so that it does not fall down otherwise due to light base and heavy top.

Jade Plant Soil

A free draining nutrition rich soil is needed for growing a jade plant. if the soil is water retaining, then the roots can rot and plant can be killed. To make the soil free-draining, mix coarse river sand in the garden soil. Mix lots of compost or cow manure to make the soil nutrient rich. You can also add a general purpose fertilizer. You can buy cacti and succulents soil from the garden shop.

Watering Jade Plant

How much water a jade plant requires?

As jade plant is a succulent plant, it stores water in its leaves. The plant does not need much water and excessive water will cause the root rot and death of the plant. When watering your jade plant, ensure that the soil is dry to touch. Also see that the saucer underneath the pot is always empty. The jade plant leaves may drop prematurely if the soil is too wet or too dry. Lack of sunlight or insufficient nitrogen in the soil can also drop leaves.

Indoor jade plant may suffer due to air-conditioning, water misting may be useful.

Jade Plant Flowers

The matured jade plants produce white or pink flowers under right conditions in winter. Often the jade plant fails to flower. A few hours of sun during the day and complete darkness during the night from the end of summer may produce flowers. A regular liquid fertilizer in summer may help.

Video on Jade Plant Propagation

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Video on Jade Plant Propagation