How to Grow Chilies From Seeds at Home | A Beginner's Guide

You can grow chilies from seeds at home quite easily if you take proper care of problems in growing them. Cultivating chillies at home is a rewarding and straightforward process that allows you to enjoy the pleasure of watching your fiery peppers thrive from seedlings to full-grown plants. This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to grow chillies from seeds right in the comfort of your own home. 

In fact growing green and red chillies chillies from seeds is quite easy, as I am growing in  Sydney, Australia.  You can grow green chillies and red chillies from seeds from a single chilli plant. how to grow black peppers from seeds

The Capsicum family includes bell peppers or sweet peppers, chillies, cayenne, jalapeño, habañero and Serrano. Peppers come in a variety of shapes, color, texture and flavours. The shapes of chili peppers include thin and short, thin and long, fat, short and thin, short and wide, bull horn, round, etc. with its own unique flavor, heat level, and growing requirements.

The capsaicin in chili peppers is used in medicines as a stimulant and analgesic and in ointments that soothe sore muscles. The capsaicin is a good protection against cancer.

Types of Chillies
Peppers Shapes and Colours
Peppers Shapes and Colors
Chillies come in different shapes, sizes colours such as green, yellow, red, orange, purple, etc. 

Peppers are known by different names depending on place and type. The spicy hot peppers called chili peppers. The mild large peppers are called capsicum in India, Australia and New Zealand; and pepper or bell pepper in North America; and paprika (mainly in powder form) in some countries.

Growing Chillies From Seeds at Home

Video on How to grow chillies from seeds Video
The chilli plants are perennials. All types of chilli pepper plants are warm season crops and grow well in pots and garden beds. You can grow chillies even in your balcony and terrace in pots.

Choosing the Right Chilli Seeds

The first step is to select the right seeds. There are numerous chilli varieties available as mentioned above.  Consider factors such as your preferred heat level, plant size, and the amount of sunlight your growing area receives. Buy seeds from garden shop or you can try saving seeds from mature chillies that you enjoy.

How To Germinate the Seeds

Germination is the first crucial step in growing chillies from seeds. Take a small pot or seed tray and fill it with a good-quality seed-starting mix. Plant the seeds about 1 cm  deep. Water the soil and place the tray or pot in a warm and bright area, ideally around 25-30°C (77-86°F). Regularly mist the soil to provide consistent humidity or cover the tray with a clear plastic wrap to create a mini-greenhouse effect.

How to grow chillies in pots

Providing Optimal Growing Conditions

Position: Where to Plant Chilies

Chili plants grow well in a sunny position or if you don't receive a direct sun, then position the plants where they will receive maximum light.

Chillies thrive in warm and sunny conditions. You can place the pot indoors on a south-facing window where it can receive at least 6-8 hours of sunlight. If you have limited sunlight indoors or outside, consider using fluorescent grow lights positioned a few inches above the seedlings. Maintain a temperature range of 20-30°C (68-86°F) during the day and around 18-21°C (64-70°F) at night.

The seeds will sprout in about a week, depending on the temperature.

Transplanting Seedlings

You can transplant the seedlings they grow to about 2-3 inches tall to individual pots or larger containers. Use well-draining potting soil and ensure the containers have sufficient drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Handle the seedlings gently, being careful not to damage the delicate roots. Bury the seedlings up to their first set of leaves and water them thoroughly.

Keep a distance of about 30 cm (1 foot) between the two chilli plants.

Growing Capsicum Seedling
chilli Seedling
The plant grows quickly when the temperatures are higher, and slowly when the temperatures are cooler. The chili plants generally produce more fruits in their second year.

How Many Plants

If you plant 3-4 chilli plants, it would be enough for a family of 4 to 5.

Video of how to grow chillies from seeds

Chilies make very tasty Chili Pickles and Paneer Harimirchi vegie.