How To Grow Pomegranate From Cuttings

A step-by-step procedure on how to propagate pomegranate from cuttings, both softwood and hardwood, is described for high success rate. Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum L.) can be propagated from seeds or stem cuttings in water and soil. The seed grown pomegranate plants rarely grow true to the parent, whereas, the plants cloned from cuttings reliably reproduce the parent pomegranate plant.

Pomegranate fruit
Pomegranate fruit
The question is how to clone a pomegranate tree. There are many ways to propagate pomegranates from seeds and stem cuttings, both softwood and hardwood cuttings.
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Continue reading below to learn on a step-by-step procedure on how to root a pomegranate cutting in soil or water successfully.

Tips For Propagating Pomegranate From Cuttings

I have propagated several fruit and flower plants from cuttings including money plant (money plant propagation), blueberries (propagation of blueberries), bougainvillea (bougainvillea propagation), rubber tree (rubber plant propagation), etc. with high success rate, almost 100 percent. Given below is a step-by-step guide on how to root a pomegranate cutting (both softwood and hardwood cuttings) successfully. Only thing is that you need to be patient.

Things You Need To Grow Pomegranate From Cuttings

A pomegranate tree Pruning shears
A small pot with several drainage holes.
Rooting medium
Rooting hormone
A zip-lock bag or polythene bag with tie.

Which is the Good Weather For Pomegranate Propagation

Rooting of pomegranate cuttings will be successful if you plant them when the temperature is at least 20 °C (68 °F).

How To Take Cuttings For Propagation

When to Take Cuttings

Morning is the best time to take cuttings. The cuttings should be kept moist, away from direct sun, until you put them for propagation.

Type of Cutting

  1. Semi hardwood cuttings are easier to root, the hardwood cuttings will take a long time to root.
  2. Softwood cuttings need special care for rooting. Cuttings taken from very young or very old branches will not root well. The cuttings from previous year's growth are best for good success.

The Size of Cuttings

The cutting should be of the size of a pencil, about 15 cm (6 inch) long, 3 -6 mm (1/8 to 1/4 of an inch) in diameter and having 3-4 nodes.

Container Size For Rooting

The pot size, type and shape is not important. I usually take a small 10 cm (4 inch) pot with lot of drainage holes at the bottom, and plant 3-4 cuttings in the same pot.

Propagation Medium

The rooting of cuttings will be successful if the soil is free-draining. I use potting mix and river sand in equal amount.

Keeping Planted Cuttings in Humid Environment
Keeping Planted Cuttings in Humid Environment

The Formation of Roots in the Pomegranate Cuttings
The Formation of Roots in the Pomegranate Cuttings

New growth in the Propagated Pomegranate Cuttings
New growth in the Propagated Pomegranate Cuttings

The Steps For Planting Pomegranate Cuttings

I had 100 percent success rate for rooting pomegranate cuttings using the following procedural steps.
1. Fill the pot with the rooting medium and water well. Mix the soil and water again. Keep the pot aside.

2. After half an hour start planting the cuttings.

Preparation of the Pomegranate Cuttings

  1. The cutting should have at least one node just above the lower cut end which will be in the rooting medium.
  2. Remove the lower leaves and cut the upper 2-3 leaves into half. Scrape the bark near the lower cutting end.

Planting Pomegranate Cuttings

  1. Apply a rooting hormone at the cut end including the scrapped portion, remove the excess hormone by shaking the cutting. Make a deep hole in the soil with a stick and insert the cutting in it. Do not force the cuttings in the soil. Press the soil around it by your fingers. Similarly, plant other cuttings.
  2. Applying a rooting hormone will ensure high success rate for the root formation.
  3. You can use a homemade natural rooting hormone. Please note that, I have rooted many cuttings of different plants without any rooting hormone.
  5. Enclose the pot in a zip-lock bag to keep the humidity high. I always enclose the pot in a polythene bag with a tie. The success of propagation depends on the environment in which the planted cuttings are kept. Enclosing the planted pot in a polythene bag creates the environment like a greenhouse.
  6. Put the bag in shade but warm place, away from direct sun and high wind area.
  7. Open the bag every 10 days and add a few drops of water to the soil, OR mist the stems width water.
  8. Rooting will take place in 4 to 8 weeks. You can test the rooting by tucking the stems, they will become stable. You may also see some roots coming out of the pot holes at the bottom.
  9. The pomegranate plant grown from cutting produced fruits in just 15 months. Video on Pomegranate fruits on tree grown from cutting in 15 months

After Root Formation

  1. After the stems have been rooted, water daily.
  2. Week 1: Keep open the bag from the top for a week (bag still in shade).
  3. Week 2: Take the pot out of the bag and allow morning sun.
  4. Week 3: Loosen the soil of the pot by pressing the pot from the sides. Carefully take out the seedlings and transplant in larger pots or ground.

How to Grow Pomegranate in Water

Can Pomegranate cuttings root in water?

It is very easy to propagate pomegranate cuttings in water. Prepare the cuttings from the previous years growth as mentioned above for propagating pomegranate cuttings in soil. Just take some water in a glass and dip the cuttings in it. The cuttings will root in 3-8 weeks.
Pomegranate Cuttings Rooted in Water
Pomegranate Cuttings Rooted in Water. a: Cuttings in water
b: Roots on cuttinhgs 

The above picture shows the rooted pomegranate cuttings in water.

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