How to Plant a Mango Tree In Ground: Transplant a Mango Tree To Ground

I will show you how to plant a mango tree in ground in your backyard or garden. When you take home a mango tree from garden shop, the most important thing is to plant it in ground correctly at the correct time. Planting a mango tree in the ground requires careful consideration and proper method.

With the right location, proper care, your mango tree will grow quite fast, as I have grown in Australia.

Planting Mango Tree in the Ground

Mango Tree Sapling for planting in the ground
Mango Tree Grown From a Seed
Whether you have grown the mango tree from a seed (How to grow mango from seed) or from a cutting (How to grow mango from cutting) or bought from a garden shop, the following planting method will guide you through the steps to successfully plant it:
How to graft a mango tree | How to grow a mango tree in a pot

Choose the Right Time

Best season for planting: You can plant mango trees year-round, but the best time to plant the mango tree in ground is during the active growing season from spring to summer. However, planting in early spring after the risk of frost has passed will allow young trees to withstand the hot summer.

Choose the Right Location

  1. Where should you plant my mango tree? Selecting the ideal location for planting is crucial for its growth and fruit production. Here are some factors to consider:
  2. Planting distance from house: The tree should be planted about 10m (30ft) away from the home, sewer lines, water pipes and power-lines.

Sunlight : Which Direction To Plant

  1. Mango trees need plenty of sunlight, ideally 8 to 10 hours of direct sunlight per day. Choose an open location with full sun exposure.
  2. The mango tree will grow at least twelve feet high and twelve feet wide, so the selected area should be large enough that will receive a large amount of sunlight.
  3. Mango tree should not be planted in the middle of lawn, as excessive nitrogen that you feed to lawn will reduce fruit production.
  4. In areas of cooler climate, plant your mango tree near a north-facing brick wall or metal fencing to utilize the heat radiation from it.


  1. Mango trees prefer well-draining, loamy soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 7.5. If your soil is too acidic, add hydrated lime to increase the pH or add sulfur to reduce the pH if it is more than 7.5.
  2. Add lots of compost or well rotted animal manure or some fertilizer containing phosphorus, potassium and trace elements to the soil to make it nutrition rich.

Mango Tree Spacing

High density mango plantation: If you plan to plant more than one mango tree, then ensure to provide enough space for their mature size, leaving at least 10-16 feet (3-5 m) between them and row spacing of 19-26 feet (6-8 m).

The Planting Method / Steps

  1. Pit size for plantation: Dig a pit or hole that is twice as wide and deep as the root ball of the mango sapling. Make sure the hole is deep enough to accommodate the entire root system without bending the roots.
  2. Fill half of the hole to with the soil prepared as mentioned above.
  3. Remove the Sapling from the Pot: Gently tap the pot containing the mango sapling all around to loosen the roots and remove the sapling from its pot, being careful not to damage the roots.
  4. Break up the root system: If the mango tree sapling is root bound (has circling roots). The circling roots can lead to the death of the tree.
  5. Place the Sapling in the Hole: Position the tree in the center of the hole at the same depth as was in the pot and fill it with the prepared soil, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface.
  6. Stakes: Put 1 to 3 stakes along the sides of the plant and tie soft ties around the main stem and the stakes to protect the young tree from strong winds.
  7. Water
    1. Water the newly planted mango tree thoroughly to settle the soil and remove any air pockets. Provide enough water to moisten the entire root zone.
    2. Then water every two to three days until the tree has grown two new flushes of leaves. Then reduce watering, water only when the top 2 inch soil dries out. Too much water will rot the roots.
  8. Mulch 
    1. Apply a 3-4 inch layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree. Mulch helps retain moisture and prevents weeds. Avoid the mulch touching the trunk, otherwise the trunk will always be damp and at risk of developing disease.
    2. You can use sugarcane mulch, leaf litter, hay or composted manure as mulch.

Care of the Planted Mango Tree

Once you have planted the mango in ground, you have to take its proper care (mango tree care). If you do not take its proper care, then mango tree flowers and fruits will drop (mango flower and fruits dropping) due to fungal disease (how to treat mango black spots).

Mango Tree Growing in Ground
Mango Tree Growing in Ground

Fertilizer: Fertilize the tree with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer (Fertilizer for mango tree). Apply the fertilizer away from the trunk and water thoroughly. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for the recommended dosage and timing.

Watering: Mango trees need regular watering, especially during the dry season. Water deeply but infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Reduce watering during the dormant winter months.

Pruning: Prune your mango tree to shape it and to control its height so that harvesting and general care is easier to accomplish (how to prune a mango tree). Time to time remove any dead or diseased branches. Pruning will encourage new branches and make the tree bushy.

Pest and Disease Control: Keep an eye for common mango tree pests and diseases, such as aphids, scale insects, and anthracnose.

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