How To Grow Mango Tree From Seed Faster

Many people wonder whether a mango tree can be grown from a seed. Yes, it is possible, you can grow a mango tree from its seed, even in a pot.

Mangoes can be grown from seeds and grafting. Mango plants from the garden nursery are usually grafted and will fruit within 3-4 years. Mango tree grown from seeds may take longer, 5 years. However mango grown from a polyembryonic variety like Kensington Pride can produce fruits in just 2-3 years!

Continuing reading below for detailed step-by-step guide on growing a mango tree starting from a seed. You can grow the mango tree in a pot.


The seedling mango trees have stronger root system and grows vigorously than the grafted trees. But they do not grow true to the parent mango tree, even if you have planted the seed of a good tasting mango; you will know only when the tree produces fruits.

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Step-by-Step Guide For Growing A Mango Tree From A Seed


Selection of Mango Seed

Growing mangoes from seed is extremely easy. However, the selection of seed is very important. I grew my first mango tree from a seed about 20 years ago, but that did not produce any fruit for the next 12 years. At that time, I was not knowing that the seed should come from a polyembryonic variety.

Mangoes are of monoembryonic or polyembryonic seed varieties. Mono-embryonic mango type produces one seedling from the seed, and the fruit they produce are not true to the parent type, if grown from the seed so they should be grafted.

If you want to grow a mango tree from a seed that produces fruits in a few years, the seed should come from polyembryonic variety (mango seeds that grows fruits in 2 to 4 years.)

One year old mango tree grown from a seed.
One year old mango tree grown from a seed.


The detailed steps are given below. Whatever seed type you choose to etc. grow, the steps are the same.
  1. The most important step is the seed selection. Choose only a (polyembroyic mango seed ). Buy a good quality ripe mango from your grocery store and eat it, remove as much flesh as you can.
  2. Seed Preparation
    Clean the seed as soon as possible after its removal from the fruit, otherwise it will lose viability very rapidly and will not germinate. You may wash and dry the seed in shade for a day. Remove the outer hard husk tp take out the embryo. However, I have sown several mango seeds without removing the husk successfully, however it took a bit oonger to germinate.
  3. The best time to grow mangoes from seed is the beginning of summer. The mango seed is best germinated when the temperature is 25 to 35 °C (75 to 95°F). If the temperature is low, you can place the planted seed indoors.
  4. You can directly sow the seed in ground in a sunny place. I like to sow the seed in a pot and then transplant the seedling to a larger pot or into the ground.
  5. Fill a pot, about 10 inch diameter with good quality potting mix and mix some river sand. Sow the seed about 3 inch deep and water well. Place the pot in a warm sunny place, keep moist.
  6. You can also germinate the mango seed by the paper towel method.
Multiple seedlings from Polyembryonic mango seed
Multiple seedlings from Polyembryonic mango seed

Germinated Bowen Kensigton Pride mango seed
Germinated Bowen Kensigton Pride mango seed
  1. The seed will germinate in a few weeks. You will see that the seed will sprout into several seedlings, all identical to each other (except one) and to the parent tree. They are actually the clones. Usually the centrally-located shoot which is the most vigorous shoot than all the other shoots is different and should be removed.
  2. When the seedlings are about 4-5 inch tall, cut all but one of the seedlings to grow to a mango tree.
  3. You could gently separate each seedling and grow them all to have many mango trees.
  4. Or, you can carefully split open a mango seed and take out small bean shaped seeds. You can plant them individually to get many trees.

Germinating Seed in Water: 

  1. Rub the outside of the mango seed with sandpaper or knife to break the outer skin of the seed.
  2. Put the seed in water in a bowl and place it in a warm place for 24 hours. 
  3. Remove the seed wrap it in damp paper towels. Place the wrapped seed inside a plastic bag or zip lock bag, keeping some opening for air. 
  4. Place the bag in a warm place, keep the bag damp. The seed will sprout in 1 to 3 weeks.

Transplanting mango Seedling

Transfer the seedling when the thickness at its base of the trunk becomes the size of about 2 inch diameter and about 10 inch high. At this size, the baby mango tree will have established a good healthy root system.

If you want a small tree, transfer it in a large pot. The advantage of growing mango tree in the pot is that it can be managed easily and can be moved in a sunny place or indoors when the temperature drops.

Transplanting Mango Tree in Ground

  1. Dig a hole about three times the size of the root ball. Add potting mix and some garden in the hole. Place the seedling (baby mango tree) in the hole, add the soil to fill the hole and water it thoroughly.
  2. Water your mango plant regularly.
  3. Do not over fertilize, otherwise there will be more leaves and less fruit produce. Take care of your mango tree.

See the YouTube video of how to grow a mango tree from seed that can produce fruits in 2-3 years.

Videos on mango growing and care

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Mango seeds growing fruits quickly
How to grow mangoes from seed, fruits in 2-3 years
Mango ripening guide
2 year old mango tree producing fruits
5 Simple methods for ripening mangoes faster
Mango seeds growing fruits quickly
3 year old mango tree producingn fruits
How to ripen mangoes at home (Hindi)
Mango seeds fruiting in two years (Hindi)
Grow Mango Tree From Polyembryonic Seed, Fruits in 2 years (Hindi)

How to make mango trees bear fruit quickly

References

1. Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld Inc.: Mangoes – Polyembryonic
2. Y. Aron, H. Czosnek, and S. Gazit. Polyembryony in Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Is Controlled by a Single Dominant Gene. Horticultural Science. 1998. 33(7):1241-1242
3. Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld. Inc Newsletter February – March 2007
4. Francoise Corbineau, et al., Seed germination and seedling development in the mango